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项目名称:宁波特艺漆器(泥金彩漆)简介
宁波特艺漆器(泥金彩漆)简介
        宁波特艺漆器(俗称泥金彩漆)是我国一种濒临失传的传统工艺品种,它的历史可追溯到7000多年前的河母渡文化。据载明代宣德年间已身受中外人士的喜爱,作品成为对外交流的贵重礼品或为皇室达贵之珍藏品。南宋宁波女子救驾有功受封后,此工艺品成为出嫁必备之嫁妆。上世纪六十年代曾一度兴起,但其作品均为外销,八十年代后已没有正规企业生产,2006年列入省非物质文化遗产名录。
        为重新挖掘这门传统工艺,宁波鼎太风华艺术设计公司邀请传人中的精英,开发出一批新产品。
泥金彩漆用料昂贵,主要原料为天然漆和24k黄金箔;工艺复杂,制作精湛,是全手工精制的传统工艺品。又因作者是已有近50年艺龄的著名工艺美术师,故作品可作为藏品。
 
Introduction of Ningbo Traditional Lacquered Ware( Nijin Painted Lacquer)
 
Ningbo Traditional Lacquered Ware(Commonly named Nijin Painted Lacquer) is one of dying traditional arts in China, whose history can be traced to Hemudu Culture( over 7000 years ago). It is recorded that Nijin Painted Lacquer was the favourites of Chinese and foreigners and became the valuable gifts in foreign exchanges or the museum pieces for the Royal Families and the nobles during Xuande time of Ming Dynasty .The handicraft article had come into the vital dowry after a Ningbo girl was rewarded for she rescued the emperor during South Dynasty. It rised at one time in the sixtieth decade of last century , but it was produced for export. The regular enterprises have not produced since last eightieth decade. It was enrolled into the directory of Zhejiang Province Nonmaterial Cultural Heritage in 2006.
In order to excavate the traditional craftsmanship,our company invites the excellent successor to develop the new products, including the jewellery box.
Its main raw materials include natural lacquer and 24K gold foil which are costly . It is entirely made by hand and its craftship is very complicated and exquisit.The works can be collected for the artist is well-known and has already 50 years experience in art.

 

 

 

泥金彩漆小贴士

泥金彩漆工艺漆器,从广义来讲,是浙东地区工艺漆器的总称,其工艺大体上可分为:“沉花”、“平花”和“浮花”三大类。现在有许多人只把“浮花”看作是“泥金彩漆”工艺,这是一种狭隘错误的看法。

泥金彩漆的技艺特点主要是体现在“金”上,在“金”上做文章下功夫。贴金后再在金的表面上进行上彩、勾描和罩漆等种工艺程序。

泥金彩漆堆漆的原材料选用“白如雪、红如血、黑如铁”的上好生漆,以瓦灰(制作精品也有用香灰的)为填充剂,按需要随时添加瓦灰捣成软硬适中、不粘不沾、压而不碎、容易修光的“漆灰”。现在的“泥金彩漆”一般都是以熟桐油代替生漆,以粘土粉代替瓦灰为增加硬度加入适量的壳灰(用贝壳烧制的石灰),这样制作的油泥干透后的硬度虽不如漆灰,但也是十分坚硬。

泥金彩漆在人物的面相、手、足等是用碾银(回查)来做,也是区别于其他相似艺种的一个特点。

图为工艺大师,泥金彩漆传人——李光昭(左1)正在制作泥金彩漆。

 

日期:2009-7-9  点击数:1659
 
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